Presented at SPIE Conf. Computational Imaging, January 24, 2003, Santa Clara

Quasi-Monte Carlo halftoning in high dimensions?

Kenneth M. Hanson
Los Alamos National Laboratory


The goal in Quasi-Monte Carlo (QMC) is to improve the accuracy of integrals estimated by the Monte Carlo technique through a suitable speci.cation of the sample point set. Indeed, the errors from N samples typically drop as 1/N with QMC, which is much better than the 1/sqrt(N) dependence obtained with Monte Carlo estimates based on random point sets. The heuristic reasoning behind selecting QMC point sets is similar to that in halftoning (HT), that is, to spread the points out as evenly as possible, consistent with the desired point density. I will outline the parallels between QMC and HT, and describe an HT-inspired algorithm for generating a sample set with uniform density, which yields smaller integration errors than standard QMC algorithms in two dimensions.

Keywords: Quasi-Monte Carlo, Monte Carlo integration, low-discrepancy sequences, Halton sequence, Sobel sequence, halftoning, direct binary search, minimum visual discrepancy, Voronoi analysis

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